105 第五課    『救贖次序』與基督徒生活:謙卑

Lecture 5         THE ORDER OF SALVATION (Ordo Salutis) IN THE CHRISTIAN LIFE:

HUMILITY

 

 

I.       『上帝主權的恩典』的教義的涵義

IMPLICATIONS OF THE DOCTRINES OF SOVEREIGN GRACE

A.     謙卑。Humility

B.     感恩。Gratitude

C.     得救的確據。Assurance of salvation

D.     熱心事奉。Zeal for service

 

 

II.     謙卑的《聖經》原則BIBLICAL PRINCIPLES FOR HUMILITY

A.      上帝恨惡驕傲。God hates pride. 

箴言Proverbs 6:16-17

 

Psalm 119:21

 

Isaiah 2:12

 

23:9

 

B.     驕傲是上帝首要的敵人。Pride was God’s first enemy. 

驕傲是伊甸園的第一項罪,也是我們死前最後犯的罪。

It was the first sin in paradise, and is the last we will shed in death. 

                               

C.     驕傲是獨特的罪。Pride is unique. 

多數的罪是我們遠離上帝。但是驕傲是對上帝正面的攻擊。

Most sins turn us away from God.  Pride is a direct attack upon God. 

驕傲是我們的心提昇,抵擋上帝。

It lifts our hearts above Him and against Him. 

驕傲試圖拆毀上帝的主權,使自己作王。

Pride seeks to de-throne God and enthrone itself. 

 

D.     驕傲拆毀我們的鄰居。Pride also seeks to dethrone my neighbor. 

驕傲使『敬拜自己』(自我偶像崇拜)置於服事鄰居之上。

It always puts self-idolatry above neighbor-service. 

 

E.     因此:驕傲是多元的。Thus: Pride is complex. 

愛德華茲:『驕傲有多種的形式,形狀:它像洋蔥一樣,是多層的,你剝了一層之後,下面還有一層。』

“It takes many forms and shapes and encompasses the heart like the layers of an onion – when you pull off one layer, there is another underneath.” – Jonathan Edwards . 

 

F.      差不多任何事都能激發驕傲。Pride feeds off nearly anything.

一點兒的才幹或智慧,一句稱讚的話,一段興旺的時期,一點點的成就。

Richard Mayo (清教徒):『要叫這罪餓死實在很難,因為它在什麼情況之下都能生存。』

A fair measure of ability and wisdom, a single compliment, a season of remarkable prosperity, or a small accomplishment.  Richard Mayo: “It is hard starving this sin, as there is nothing almost but it can live upon.” 

 

G.    沒有人從此罪免疫。No one is immune to this sin. 

『我知道我驕傲;可是我對自己的驕傲體會得太少了!』Robert M’Cheyne.

“I know I am proud; and yet I do not know the half of that pride.”  - Robert Murray M’Cheyne. 

『我畏懼自我這暴君,比畏懼羅馬教皇與所有大主教更甚。』馬丁路德。

“I am more afraid of pope ‘self’ than of the pope in Rome and all his cardinals.” – Martin Luther. 

 

H.    一位敬虔的信徒向驕傲開戰。一個屬世界的人使驕傲滋長。

A godly person fights pride; a worldly person feeds pride. 

Henry Martyn (19世紀英國人,在波斯宣教):『別人常常敬佩我,我也歡喜,可是我恨惡這歡悅的感受。』

Henry Martyn: “Men frequently admire me, and I am pleased, but I abhor the pleasure I feel.”    

 

I.       驕傲是魔鬼的形象,與上帝的一切性情相反。

Pride is an image of the Devil, contrary to everything God is. 

當驕傲充滿我們的心,在上帝面前使我們苦毒、混亂時,『我試圖視我的驕傲為魔鬼自己的形象,與基督的形象和恩典完全相反;驕傲是得罪上帝的,使祂的靈擔憂;對什麼良善都沒有,只有敗壞本性的我來說,是最不合理的愚拙與瘋狂。』Cotton Mather (18世紀北美清教徒領袖。)

When pride fills the heart with bitterness and confusion before the Lord, “I endeavored to take a view of my pride as the very image of the Devil, contrary to the image and grace of Christ; as an offense against God, and grieving of His Spirit; as the most unreasonable folly and madness for one who had nothing singularly excellent and who had a nature so corrupt.”  - Cotton Mather. 

 

 

III.    如何與驕傲爭戰HOW TO FIGHT PRIDE

A.     我們是否看到,驕傲如何在我們心裡札根?

Do we understand how deeply rooted it is in us? 

 

B.     我們有沒有為驕傲恨惡自己?Do we ever remonstrate (hate) ourselves?

Richard Mayo (清教徒):(對自己說:)『像你這樣犯罪的人,行為像你這樣的浪費這麼多光隂,糟蹋主這麼多的憐憫,在這麼多的義務上失責,忽略使用這麼多的恩具的人,還應驕傲嗎?這樣使聖靈擔憂,這樣違反上帝的律法,這樣羞辱上帝的名的人,心靈好像你這樣的人,應該驕傲嗎?』

Richard Mayo: “Should that man be proud that has sinned as thou hast sinned, and lived as thou hast lived, and wasted so much time, and abused so much mercy, and omitted so many duties, and neglected so great means? – that hath so grieved the Spirit of God, so violated the law of God, so dishonored the name of God?  Should that man be proud, who hath such a heart as thou hast?” 

 

C.     仰望救主基督。Look at the Savior. 

若要殺戮屬世的驕傲,活在敬虔的謙卑中:必須仰望我們的救主,祂的一生『都是苦難』(加爾文)。謙卑,是在客西馬尼園和各各他山磨練出來的。

If we want to kill worldly pride and live in godly humility: look at our Savior, whose life “was naught but a series of sufferings” (John Calvin).  Nowhere is humility so cultivated than at Gethsemane and Calvary.

“When I survey the wondrous cross

On which the Prince of glory died,

My richest gain I count but loss,

And pour contempt on all my pride.”  - Isaac Watts.

 

D.     學習認識上帝。Know God.

其他培養謙卑,壓制驕傲之道:追求更深地認識上帝,認識祂的屬性,祂的榮耀。約伯和以賽亞都叫道我們,認識上帝是最能使我們謙卑的。

約伯記42章,以賽亞書6章。

Other ways to help subdue pride, and cultivate humility: Seek a deeper knowledge of God, His attributes, and His glory.  Job and Isaiah teach us that nothing is so humbling as knowing God.  Job 42, Isaiah 6. 

 

E.     好好默想:死亡的可畏,審判之日必定來臨,永恆之偉大。

Meditate much on the solemnity of death, the certainty of Judgment Day, and the vastness of eternity.

 

F.      視每一天為忘記自我,服事他人的機會。以行動服事,肯定叫我們謙卑。

View each day as an opportunity to forget yourself and serve others.  The act of service is innately humbling.

 

G.    閱讀偉大聖徒的傳記,如懷特非德,司步真等。『這樣作若不能使你謙卑下來,我恐怕你是無藥可醫的了。』鍾馬田。

Read the biographies of great saints, such as George Whitefield’s Journals, The Life of David Brainerd, and Charles Spurgeon’s Early Years.  “If that does not bring you to earth, then I pronounce that you are … beyond hope.”  - Martyn Lloyd-Jones. 

 

H.    每天為自己的謙卑禱告。Pray daily for humility. 

每天要記住,驕傲在跌倒之前(箴言16:18)。

Remember every day that “pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall.”  (Proverbs 16:18 KJV). 

 

I.       認真培養謙卑。Take the cultivation of humility seriously. 

施洗約翰的宣告是謙卑的本質,也是成聖的本質:『祂必興旺,我必衰微。』(約3:30

The essence of humility is John the Baptist’s confession – which is the essence of all genuine sanctification: “He [Christ] must increase, but I must decrease.”  (John 3:30)  

(以上II, III 兩段為書摘。Adapted from: Joel R. Beeke, “Foreword,” in Wayne A. Mack, Humility: The Forgotten Virtue, P&R.)

 

 

 

 

 

IV.    『上帝主權的恩典』其他的效果:得救的確據

OTHER FRUITS OF GOD’S SOVEREIGN GRACE: ASSURANCE OF SALVATION

 

 

閱讀:

繙閱本課提到的經文。

 

《威敏斯特信仰告白》,第18章。Westminster Confession, chapter 18. 

網上閱讀:www.chinachristianbooks.org. 參:『歷史信經及信條』Creeds and Confessions.