014-015@ĤQ|ҡAĤQ     SIl]G^RĪl

Lectures 14-15                                    SPECIAL CALL (2): EFFECTUAL CALL

 

 

1.               HݭnĪlThe need for effectual call. 

a.               SH^MꪺIlC

No man can respond to general call of revelation.

b.               S^֭IlC

No man can respond to gospel call.        

4:18          

L̤ߦaN, PWҩҽ窺ͩRjF, ]ۤvL, ߸̭wC

Eph. 4:18

being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart.

 

5:8

qeA̬OtN, pbḒO, ƬHNlkC

Eph. 5:8

for you were formerly darkness, but now you are Light in the Lord; walk as children of Light.

          

8:34           

Cq^, ڹbbiDA. ҦǸo, NOoC

John 8:34

Jesus answered them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is the slave of sin.

                   

ù6:20       

]A̧@oɭ, NQqFC

Rom. 6:20

Jesus answered them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is the slave of sin.

 

2:1-2

1 A̦bLǸoc, (͢sA̬L),

2 ɧA̦b䤤ƬHHq@U, AŤxv̪ANO{bflߤB檺 ()FC

Eph. 2:1-2

1 And you were dead in your trespasses and sins,

2 in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.

          

3:3           

Cq^, ڹbbiDA, HY, NਣWҪC

John 3:3

Jesus answered and said to him, Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.

          

Le2:14          

Mݦ𪺤H|W (t)F, ϭ˥HM. åBાDC]oǨƱFH~ݳzC

I Cor. 2:14

But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually appraised.

           

ù8:7           

K骺, NOPWҬ. ]AWҪߪk, ]OAC

Rom. 8:7

because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able {to do so}

           

15:5           

ڬO, A̬OKl. `bڸ̭, ڤ]`bḼCoHNhGlC]

F, A̴N@ƻC

John 15:5

I am the vine, you are the branches; he who abides in Me and I in him, he bears much fruit, for apart from Me you can do nothing. 

          

L3:5          

äOڭ̦̾ۤvӾƻơAڭ̩үӾ᪺ADOXWҡC

II Cor. 3:5

Not that we are adequate in ourselves to consider anything as {coming} from ourselves, but our adequacy is from God.

-- (a)媺IlOƹCFact of the call of grace.

-- (b) b餤HSO^CInability of man in the flesh to respond.

-- (c.)iOAƹWH̪T^֭CReality of response: People DO respond. 

 

 

2.               ĪlmtgnھڡCThe biblical warrant for effectual call. 

a.               mtgnIlOĪlC

Biblical usage of calling is efficacious calling.

         

22:14          

]QlHh, WH֡C

Matt. 22:14

For many are called, but few {are} chosen.

--֭IlAOIlCGospel call is spoken of, as a call.

-- }zRoӥΪkOWSC  Murray: This usage is unique. 

22R14ù8R30 V IlOwYǯSwHܡH

Matt. 22:14 vs. Romans 8:30 V Is calling particularistic? 

AwwAٷNAMoaģAOYǯSwHܡH

Or is predestination (and justification and glorification) particularistic?

 

Le1:9

WҬOHꪺ, A̭OQLҥl, nP͢l, ڭ̪DCq@PoC

I Cor. 1:9

God is faithful, through whom you were called into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.

          

1:10

ҥH̥S, [, ϧA̩һXlMzwCA̭YoX, Nä}C

II Pet. 1:10

Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you will never stumble.

-- IloӦrAOĪlCWord call=used as efficacious summons.

 

Le1:23 V24

ڭ̫oOǰvQr[, bSӤH̸}, b~HMCbXlL׬OSӤH, ƧQH, `WҪO, WҪzC

I Cor. 1:23-24

23 but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness,

24 but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.

                      

Le 1:26            

̥S̭, iA̻Xl, ۦ馳zh, Oh,LQ]hC

I Cor. 1:26

For consider your calling, brethren, that there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble.

                      

ù1:6            

䤤]A̳oXlݭCqHC

Rom. 1:6

among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ.

 

ù8:28

ڭ̾oUƳۮĤO, sRWҪHoqB, NO͢NQlHC

Rom. 8:28

And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to {His} purpose.

 

Le1:26-27

26̥S̭, iA̻Xl, ۦ馳zh, OhLQ]hC

27WҫozF@WM媺, sz۷\. SzF@Wnz, sj۷\.

I Cor. 1:26-27

26 For consider your calling, brethren, that there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble;

27 but God has chosen the foolish things of the world to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to shame the things which are strong.

                      

1:10

ҥH̥S, [, ϧA̩һXlMzwCA̭YoX, Nä}C

II Peter 1:10

Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you will never stumble.

 

17:14            

L̻P̦Ϫ, ̦ϥӹLL, ]̦ϬOUDD, U. P̦Ϫ, NOXlQ靈ߪ, (]o)C

Revelation 17:14 

These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him {are the} called and chosen and faithful.

                     

6:44          

YOtڨӪlޤH, NSڳǫӪ. (ڳǫӪ), ڭnsL_C

John 6:44

No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day.

-- 6R44IlOAXgAL}zΦbͤ譱C

-- John 6:44 is appropriate here, though Murray deals with it under regeneration. 

 

 

b.               gCSurvey of biblical data. 

(i)                    ¬IOld Testament background.                         

11:8                            

ȧBԨu]۫H, Xlɭ, NRXh, Nӭno~ahXhɭ, ٤̥hC

Hebrews 11:8

By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out to a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going.

-- o~aCPlace of inheritance 

(ii)                  sNew Testament fulfillment

9:15                                

L@FsOCJMūFHbeɩҥǪoLAKsXlHo۩\û~C

Hebrews 9:15

For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were {committed} under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

--W\~CInheritance is promised. 

                              

e3:9                                

nHcc, Hd|ٰd|, ˭n֡C]A̬OXlAnsA̩Ө֮C

I Peter 3:9

not returning evil for evil or insult for insult, but giving a blessing instead; for you were called for the very purpose that you might inherit a blessing.

--WҦ]^F\C Fulfilment of promise.

 

(iii)                ë~CEternal inheritance

9:15                                  

L@FsO. JMūFHbeɩҥǪoLKsXlHo۩\û~.

Hebrews 9:15

For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were {committed} under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

                                           

e 5:10                              

ѯ뮦媺W, b̥lA, oɥLûaģ, ĄW, n˦ۦA, TA, OqA̡C

I Peter 5:10

After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen {and} establish you.

                                          

e6:12

AnuDnM, . AQl, ]b\hҤHewg@Fnҡ]={HAconfession^C

I Tim. 6:12

Fight the good fight of faith; take hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.

                                          

19:9                                

ѨϧhJڻ, AngW, ZQЭu̦ϤB᪺֤F., oWүuꪺ.

Rev. 19:9

Then he said to me, Write, Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he said to me, These are true words of God.

 

(iv)                 ë~ͺ֤C

Present blessings of eternal inheritance                                          

1:3                                

WҪwgN@GͩRM@qƽ絹ڭ, Ҧ]ڭ̻{ѨۤvaģMwlڭ̪DC

II Peter 1:3

seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence.

-- @GͩRMq@ơCEverything pertaining to life and godliness. 

                           

e2:9                               

A̬OQz諸, OgLq, Ot䪺, O (W)l, nsA̫ŴlḀX·tJ_̪wC

I Peter 2:9

But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR {Gods} OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.

--C Light. 

                                         

e2:12                              

nsA̦ƹo_lA̶iLoLaģWҡC

I Thess. 2:12

so that you would walk in a manner worthy of the God who calls you into His own kingdom and glory.

--סAaģC Kingdom and glory. 

                                          

2:14                              

Wǧڭ̩ҶǪ֭, lĄoaB, noۧڭ̥DCqa.

II Thess. 2:14

It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

--aģC Glory of Christ. 

 

(v)                  {IlRtAAơC

Present calling V Sanctification and service.

e1:15                               

lA̪JOt, A̦b@Ҧ檺ƤW]ntC

I Peter 1:15

but like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves also in all {your} behavior. 

                                          

[5:13                                

̥S, A̻Xl, Onoۥ. uONA̪ۥѷ@a|. `nηRߤ۪AơC

Gal. 5:13

For you were called to freedom, brethren; only {do} not {turn} your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another.

-- Wҽۥ -> Ilڭ̪AơCFreedom = calling to serve.

                                            

3:15                                

SnswbA̤߸̧@D. A̤]Xl, k @.BnsPªߡC

Col. 3:15

Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body; and be thankful.

-- WҩIlڭ̩MA@CCalled to peace, unity, one body. 

                                           

e2:21                               

A̻XOC]]ĄLW, A̯dU],sA̸HL}ܦC

I Peter 2:21

For you have been called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow in His steps.

-- DIlڭ̮ĪkWCFڭ̰{ͬ覡ӨWC

-- Called to imitate Christ in his suffering, because of our lifestyle.

 

 

3.               ĮlCNature of effectual call.

 

ܪCRAt䪺IlC

Immutable, irreversible calling.  High, holy calling. 

WҩIlڭ̪تRGoal of our calling:

 

Le1:9

WҬOHꪺ, A̭OQLҥl, nPLl, ڭ̪DCq@PoC

I Cor. 1:9

God is faithful, through whom you were called into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.

 

Westminster Shorter Catechism, Question 30

Q.  How does the Holy Spirit apply to us the redemption Christ bought?

A.  The Spirit applies to us the redemption Christ bought by producing faith in us and so uniting us to Christ in our effective calling. 

-- IlwqAbڭ̹Il^C

-- We cannot define our calling in terms of our response.

-- iOAJMIlA۵Mi঳^]Hߡ^C

-- But calling does contemplate our response (faith). 

Ilp޵oHߡAp󦨬ĩOH

How does calling evoke faith, become effectual?

(a)ǸtFڭ̪ҡABy the Holy Spirits testimony to us,

(b) ǸtFbڭحͧڭ̡CBy the Holy Spirits regeneration in us.    

 

 

IlP͡RtF Calling & Regeneration: The Holy Spirits 1-2 punch.

 

tFyڭ̡RqIl׬TRANSFORMATION: from perspective of calling

 

bH~AH ---------------  Il -------------------------    bءAH

DEAD MAN     --------------------- CALLING ----------------------    LIVE MAN

OUTSIDE CHRIST                                                                     IN CHRIST

 

IlRqڭ̥H~ӨӡA[CCalling: it is objective to us.

 

 

tFyڭ̡Rqͪ׬ TRANSFORMATION: from perspective of regeneration

 

H ->        ->  tF       ->    ͡A_A   -> HߡA  -> AءAH

                                    Aгy                           

DEAD -> WORD  -> Testimony   ->  REGENERATION -> Faith  ->  LIVE MAN IN

MAN       preached    of Holy Spirit     Resurrection      & Repentance           CHRIST

                                                             Re-creation

͡RbڭحܡCRegeneration: transition (transformation) in us. 

 

 

4.               箦l̡R֦VHIlHThe agent of the effectual call. 

 

WҩIlCtFsHQ_ܡFtF@ҡAϤHߪoC

God the Father is the author/agent of the effectual call; the Spirit brings into remembrance, bears witness, convinces. 

          

Le1:9

WҬOHꪺ, A̭OQLҥl, nPLl, ڭ̪DCq@Po.

I Cor. 1:9

God is faithful, through whom you were called into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.

          

1:8-9          

AnHڭ̪D@Ҭ, ]nHڳoDQ}C`nWҪOAPڬ֭PWC         

WұϤFڭ, Htllڭ, Oڭ̪欰, DO͢NMCoOUj, bCq̽絹ڭ̪C

II Tim. 1:8-9

8 Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord or of me His prisoner, but join with {me} in suffering for the gospel according to the power of God,

9 who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity.

 

14:26          

Ofv, NO]ڪWҭntӪtF, LnN@, ЧA̡AåBnsA̷Q_ڹA̩һ@ܡC

John 14:26

But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.

           

15:26           

ڭnq̮tOfv, NOqXӯu̪tF. LӤF, Nڧ@ҡC

John 15:26

When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, {that is} the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me.

 

16:7-9 

7MӧڱNuiDA. ڥhOPA̦q. ڭYh, OfvNA̳ǫ.

ڭYh, NtLӡC

8 ͢JӤF, Nns@Ho, q, fP, ۤvdƦۤvC

9 o, O]L̤HC

John 16:7-9

7 But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.

8 And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment;

9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; K

 

±ӴSpnzݵA31ݡC

Westminster Shorter Catechism, Question 31.

Q. What is effective calling?

A.  Effective calling is the work of Gods Spirit, Who convinces us that we are sinful and miserable, Who enlightens our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and Who renews our wills.  This is how He persuades and makes us able to receive Jesus Christ, Who is freely offered to us in the gospel.

 

 

\ŪG

}zAmAū_nCۡGJohn Murray, Redemption Accomplished and Applied.

ĤGAĤGC

W\ŪѡGwww.godoor.com/book/library/html/theology/zsjsqe/content.html