016-018ĤQAQCAQK    tF

Lectures 16-18                                    THE TESTIMONY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

 

1.               gCBiblical Data

 

                  a.   11:25-27                     

25  , Cq, , ѦaD, ڷP§A, ]ANoǨ, VoqFH, Nð_, V, NXӡC                      

26  , O, ]ANOp.                       

27  , OڤIڪ. F, SHDl. FlMl@Nܪ, SHDC

Matthew 11:25-27

25 At that time Jesus said, I praise You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from {the} wise and intelligent and have revealed them to infants.

26 Yes, Father, for this way was well-pleasing in Your sight.

27 All things have been handed over to Me by My Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal {Him.}

-- ttlVHҥܦܩʡCThe Father and the Son reveal discriminately to people.

-- ҥܪGRH̻{ѤWҡAWҡC

-- Knowledge is the result: knowledge of God, of the Father. 

                      

16:17                      

CqL, ڬ, AO֪C]oOݦ ()ܧACDOڦbѤWܪC

Matthew 16:17

And Jesus said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal {this} to you, but My Father who is in heaven.

-- OݦתVAҥܡADOڪC

-- Flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but my Father did. 

 

                 b.    6:44 V45                     

44 YOtڨӪlޤH,NSڳǫӪ.ڳǫӪ,ڭnsL_C

45 bѤWgۻ,[L̳nXWҪаV]  (аVDz), NڳǫӡC                      

John 6:44-45

44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day.

45 It is written in the prophets, AND THEY SHALL ALL BE TAUGHT OF GOD. Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father, comes to Me.

-- SHڳoبӡADtڨӪlޥLӡC

-- No one can come to me except the Father who sent me draws him.

--ӸgWһC

-- As it is written.

-- ZOťӾDzߪAӨڳoءC

-- All who hears the Father and learn, come to me.

-- WҳzLаVӧlޤH͢eC

-- The Father draws by way of instruction.

--ڨƤuRڭ̭nоɡAnqƧlޤHӨeоɡC

-- Practical theology: instruction that draws men to the Father. 

 

16:13-15

13uztFӤF, Ln޾ɧA̩ (@iJ)@uzC

]O̦ۤv, DOLťXӡC ínNӪiDA̡C

14  Lnaģ. ]LnNڪ, iDA̡C

15  , , ҥHڻ, LnNڪ, iDA̡C

John 16:13-15

13 But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is to come.

14 He will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose {it} to you.

15 All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said that He takes of Mine and will disclose {it} to you.

--tFaFFŧi]qҨơ^C

-- Holy Spirit leads.  Speaks.  Announces.

-- tFаVAӦ۸tAtlFѸtFC 

-- Teaching of the Holy Spirit is from the Father and the Son, executed by the Holy Spirit.

-- ǵۤ`AvܡC

-- Transition in view of Pentecost.

                        

2:20

A̱qt̨F()I, åBDo@. (Χ@)C

I John 2: 20

But you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you all know.

                     

2:27                        

A̱qDҨ()I, `sbA̤߸, äΤHаVA̡AۦD()IbZƤWаVA̡Co()IOu, OA̭no()IаV, bḒC

I John 2:27

As for you, the anointing which you received from Him abides in you, and you have no need for anyone to teach you; but as His anointing teaches you about all things, and is true and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you abide in Him.

--I = tF CݭnLЮvC

-- Anointing = gift of the Holy Spirit.  No need for other teachers.

-- 20`tFaH{iJ@uzC

-- Verse 20: Holy Spirit leads believers into all truth.

-- t = C Holy One = Christ.

-- ݭnЮvCNR16R vs. WҪҥܡC

-- No need for teaching in the sense of Matt. 16 V flesh and blood vs. God. 

--oOAݭnз|оɡAЮvC

-- This does not mean there is no need for teaching ministry.

-- oةҫоɡAOWGHоɯOA27`C

-- The instruction in view here goes beyond any human capacity to teach; cf. verse 27.

 

c.      Le 2:4-5

ڻ, D, Oδzey, DOθtFMj઺ҡC sA̪HbGHz, ubGWҪjC

I Cor. 2:4-5

4 and my message and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power,

5 so that your faith would not rest on the wisdom of men, but on the power of God.

-- OùܻyAOtFMOҡC

-- Pauls word is a demonstration of Spirit and power. 

-- ̾atFAèSٷ٤HdAdzơAC

-- Dependence on the Holy Spirit does not lessen responsibility of men to prepare and to preach. 

-- Hǵ۫tFDAotFOC

-- One lays hold of the power of the Holy Spirit by preaching the Word of the Spirit.

 

Le2:6-16                      

6 MӦbH, ڭ̤]z. Oo@Wz, ]Oo@Wv

NnѤ`HzC                    

7   ڭ, DOqe, z, NObU@Heݨϧڭ̱oa

ģC    

8   oz@Wv쪺HS@ӪD. ḼYD, NaģDv

bQr[WF.                       

9   p (gW)ҰO, [WҬRLHҿݳƪ, , զťHߤ]

Q쪺] C     

10 uWǵ۸tFVڭF. ]tFzUƴNOWҲ`Ƥ]zF.

11 FbHYF, ֪DH. o, FWҪFSHDDWҪ.

12 ڭ̩һ, äO@WF, DOqWҨӪF, sڭ̯ાDWҽ絹ڭ

ơC

13 åBڭoǨ, OΤHzҫЪy, DOtFҫy, NF, F. (Χ@NFPFH)C

14ݦ𪺤H|W (t)F, ϭ˥HM. åBાD]oǨ                        

FH~ݳzC

15 FHݳzU, oS@HݳzFLC

16 ִDDߥhоɥLO. ڭ̬OߤFC

I Cor. 2:6-16

6 Yet we do speak wisdom among those who are mature; a wisdom, however, not of this age nor of the rulers of this age, who are passing away;

7 but we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, the hidden {wisdom} which God predestined before the ages to our glory;

8 {the wisdom} which none of the rulers of this age has understood; for if they had understood it they would not have crucified the Lord of glory;

9 but just as it is written, THINGS WHICH EYE HAS NOT SEEN AND EAR HAS NOT HEARD, AND {which} HAVE NOT ENTERED THE HEART OF MAN, ALL THAT GOD HAS PREPARED FOR THOSE WHO LOVE HIM.

10 For to us God revealed {them} through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God.

11 For who among men knows the {thoughts} of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so the {thoughts} of God no one knows except the Spirit of God.

12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may know the things freely given to us by God,

13 which things we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, combining spiritual {thoughts} with spiritual {words.}

14  But a natural man does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually appraised.

15 But he who is spiritual appraises all things, yet he himself is appraised by no one.

16 For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, THAT HE WILL INSTRUCT HIM? But we have the mind of Christ.

-- {ѸtFоɡCFЮvAbFرоɡC10`

-- Christians are taught by the Holy Spirit. 

-- Spiritual teacher teaches in the Spirit.  Verse 10.

--ݦ𪺤HA]оɡCFHAFHоɡC

-- The natural man cannot receive it and cannot teach.

-- The spiritual man receives and the spiritual man teaches. 

 

Le 12:3                       

ҥHڧiDA, QWҪFPʪ, SCqOiGAYOQ(t)FP                   

, ]S໡CqODC

I Cor. 12:3

Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God says, Jesus is accursed; and no one can say, Jesus is Lord, except by the Holy Spirit.

L4:4-7

4 HH, Qo@ɪ˽MF߲, saģ֭ӭ̡COC

5  ڭ̭줣OǦۤv, DOǰCqD, åBۤv]Cq@A̪HC

6 hJq·t̷ӥXӪW, wgӦbڭ̤߸, sڭ̱oaģ, b

CqWC

7 ڭ̦o_b˾, nojO, OXW, OXڭ̡C

II Cor. 4:4-7

4 in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

5 For we do not preach ourselves but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your bond-servants for Jesus sake.

6 For God, who said, Light shall shine out of darkness, is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.

7  But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, so that the surpassing greatness of the power will be of God and not from ourselves;

--4`Ro@ɤW˽MFH̪߲AHPL̤ݨaģ֭C

-- Verse 4: The god of this age has blinded their eyes, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ.

--WҬOӤHߪC = tF jªkC

-- God is the One who illumines  (lampo).  Illumination = older theological term for testimony. 

-- Х@O1RtFPгyCsɴRP˪YC

-- In Genesis 1, the Holy Spirit is brought into relation with the creation of light; so also in the New Testament. 

-- DDqCD̰|CqCťD̫hHgA{HAPAqWҡC

-- Preaching is worship.  Preacher lifts up Jesus Christ.  Listeners worship by praising and confessing (homologeo), and by submission which leads to obedience. 

 

e1:5 V6

5]ڭ̪֭ǨĄ, WbGy, ]bGvMtF, åRH, pA̪Dڭ̦bĄ, A̪tGOˬHC

6åBA̦bj, XFtFҽ窺߼, uD, NĪkڭ,]ĪkFDC

I Thess. 1:5-6

5 for our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction; just as you know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake.

6 You also became imitators of us and of the Lord, having received the word in much tribulation with the joy of the Holy Spirit,

                       

e2:13

, ڭ̤]P¤W, ]Aťڭ̩ҶǯD, NFHOHD, DHOWҪDCoDbOWҪ, åBBbA̫HDHߤC

I Thess. 2:13

For this reason we also constantly thank God that when you received the word of God which you heard from us, you accepted {it} not {as} the word of men, but {for} what it really is, the word of God, which also performs its work in you who believe.

-֭uDӨӡA]ǯOPtFC

-- The gospel came not in word only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit.

-- D̪HAť̤ߪoA{ѯuzC

-- Conviction of preacher passes into truth of hearers. 

 

2.               IlиqCSystematic Formulation of the Doctrine

 

a. tF@@رоɪu@A٬ yzCoҤu@btgؤ]٬ҥܡAоɡAޡAܡAӡAҡAAOAC

There is a teaching operation of the Holy Spirit called testimony.  Revelation, teaching, leading, speaking, enlightenment, demonstration, disclosure, power, etc., are Scriptural terms for this operation. 

 

b.oоɪu@WGHOCоɤH{ѤAlҪDC

This teaching operation surpasses ability of man.  Father and Son know uniquely. 

 

16:17           

CqL, ڬ, AO֪C]oOݦ ()ܧAADOڦbѤWܪC

Matt. 16:17

And Jesus said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal {this} to you, but My Father who is in heaven.

--𪺡APWҪu@ӡC

-- Flesh and blood is contrasted with activity of the Father. 

 

6:44-45

44YOtڨӪlޤH, NSڳǫӪC(ڳǫӪ), ڭnsL_C

45bѤWgۻ, [L̳nXWҪаV] C (аV.SDzߪ, NڳǫӡC

John 6:44-45

44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day.

45 It is written in the prophets, AND THEY SHALL ALL BE TAUGHT OF GOD. Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father, comes to Me. 

 

c.ou@OtFu@CIt is the teaching operation of the Spirit. 

]iHQzѬtAtlu@C

It can also be seen as an operation of the Father and the Son.

`HAou@DnOtFu@C

After Pentecost, the activity is now pre-eminently the work of the Holy Spirit. 

tFȻPOùPbFOùʾatFC

Not only is the Holy Spirit with Paul, but Paul depends on the Holy Spirit.

 

d.tFou@GAOHQӱo쪾ѡADzߡCuOz

WѡCoѱaӨϤHoϪHߡAMӻ{C

The result of the teaching of the Holy Spirit is described as enlightenment, knowledge, learning.  Not purely intellectual: it issues in the confession of saving faith.  

ou@OAHC

It is ineffable. 

ڭ̤ߪoAWҪHAӦ۸tFu@COtFоɧڭ̡Aڭ̤aۤvgC

The conviction we have is the result of the Holy Spirits operation.  It is the Holy Spirit who teaches, not our experience. 

tFu@ڭ̨ӻO[]q~ӨӪ^C

Operation of the Holy Spirit is objective to us. 

AtFu@ObڭحAiOOD[C

It is internal, but not subjective. 

ڭ̤V]`ء^ڭ̪{oPHߡFڭ̪`ؤWҪDANOtF͢jҨҪC

We do not point to our convictions, but to the Word, which is the power of the Holy Spirit. 

 

WҪܻy]tg^R~bA[C

SCRIPTURE: External, objective

tFҡRbA[]ͤ~^C

TESTIMONY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT: Internal, objective(continues after regeneration)

tFͧڭ̡RbAD[C

REGENERATION: Internal, subjective

 

tFu@@ϤHAM@몺Cue̤~٬tFHFҡC

Difference between a saving and a non-saving operation of the Holy Spirit: only the former (saving operation) is referred to as testimony of Holy Spirit to mans spirit.

tFҡA]tFHoϪTڪu@C

Testimony of the Holy Spirit is also used to refer to the giving of assurance.

̡]oϪTڡ^ADOtFPڭ̪FP@ҡCe̡]Ilɩҧ@ҡ^DOtFVڭ̧@ҡC

Here it is testimony WITH rather than testimony TO mans spirit. 

 

e.tFоɬO򪺡CThe teaching of the Spirit abides.

2:27          

A̱qDҨ (.)I, `sbA̤߸, äΤHаVA̦ۦD ()IbZƤWаVA. o ()IOu, OA̭no()IаV, bḒ.

I John 2:27

As for you, the anointing which you received from Him abides in you, and you have no need for anyone to teach you; but as His anointing teaches you about all things, and is true and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you abide in Him.

--tFоɡ]I^`sbڭ̤ءC

-- Teaching of the Holy Spirit abides with you. 

--oOڭ̰Hߪ]C

-- This accounts for the continuity of faith.

      

  1. иqRCExposition of the Doctrine

 

a.tFһPtgYC

The relation of the testimony of the Spirit to Scripture.

tFҤOڭ̸tgH~uzeC

The testimony of the Holy Spirit does not convey to us truth content, in addition to what we have in Scripture.  

                 

e2:13            

, ڭ̤]P¤W, ]Aťڭ̩ҶǯD, NFFHOHD, DHOWҪDCoDbOWҪ, åBBbA̫HDHߤC

I Thess. 2:13

For this reason we also constantly thank God that when you received the word of God which you heard from us, you accepted {it} not {as} the word of men, but {for} what it really is, the word of God, which also performs its work in you who believe.

-- tFҸtguʡRtgOuzAOWҩqܪC

-- The Holy Spirit testifies to divine character of the Word: the truthfulness, inspiredness of the Word.

oOиq~b]ΦW^@C

-- This is the formal side of doctrine.

ǤW@ejճo譱C

-- Theological emphasis has been almost exclusively limited to this formal side regarding conviction. 

ڭ̥ݰOoAڭ̱qtF]ҡAоɡ^һAODI

-- We should also keep in mind that it is CHRIST who is received.    

 

e1:5-6

5 ]ڭ̪֭ǨĄ, WbGy, ]bGvMtF, åRH, pA̪Dڭ̦bĄ, A̪tGOˬHC

6åBA̦bj, XFtFҽ窺߼, uD, NĪkڭ,]ĪkFDC

I Thess. 1:5-6

5 for our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction; just as you know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake.

6 You also became imitators of us and of the Lord, having received the word in much tribulation with the joy of the Holy Spirit,

--֭{ڭ̡AuǸܻyA]HOPtF]u@^C

-- Gospel came not in word only, but in power and Spirit.

--֭OH֭OCqI  uO@ǯuz]иq^C

-- The Gospel is Jesus Christ.  Not just the formal truth.
-- ֤֭ߡADOCqC

-- The heart of the Gospel is Jesus Christ.

-- ֭奻OtgF֭OAѸtFҹC

-- Scripture is the text of the gospel; power = testimony of the Holy Spirit.

             

2:20            

A̱qt̨F()I, åBDo@. (Χ@)C

I John 2:20

But you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you all know. 

                      

2:27           

A̱qDҨ ()I, `sbA̤߸, äΤHаVA, ۦD()IbZƤWаVA. o ()IOu, O. A̭no ()IаV, bḒ.

I John 2:27

As for you, the anointing which you received from Him abides in you, and you have no need for anyone to teach you; but as His anointing teaches you about all things, and is true and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you abide in Him.

--IMuzAOơCAnointing and truth are distinguished.

-- tFұҥܪAèSWLtFbtgqܪC

-- No revelation beyond the text of Scripture.

 

i.    tFһPtgҥܪYC

Relation of the testimony of the Spirit to the revelation of Scripture. 

tFҡAäOڭ̫HPͬǫhCtg~Ooӷǫh`C

Testimony of the Holy Spirit forms no part in our rule of faith and practice.

Scripture is this rule. 

 

ii.tFһPtgqܪYC

Relation of the testimony of the Spirit to the inspiration of Scripture.

~QkRtFоɧڭ̸tgOWҩqܪFLиqADOqtgӱoAݭntFbҡC

WRONG: the Holy Spirit teaches us that the Word of God is inspired; rest of doctrine = derived from the Bible without reference to the Holy Spirits internal testimony.

tgOҡ]ۧڨҡ^Cڭ̩ҫHAtgqܪиqAqtgۧګź٦ӨӡC

The Bible is self-attesting.  Our doctrine of inspiration = derived from what the Bible says about itself. 

iORڭ̪DA۫HtgqܳoиqA]tFPtg@ҡC

But, this doctrine, like every other doctrine, is known and believed because it was attested to by the Holy Spirit. 

 

iii.tFһPtgvªYC

Relation of the testimony of the Spirit to the authority of Scripture. 

]Φ譱^tgۤvv¡A]tgΦORtgѳQqܪrҧΦC

Formal view of authority: Authority of the Bible comes by the form in which the Bible comes to us: it is made up of inspired words.

]e譱^tgv¡A]tgeDOCqC

Material view of authority: Authority of the Bible comes by the content of the Bible, i.e.: Jesus Christ.

|HΦ譱v¡Rtg@̡]tF^-> rOqܪC

Why a dilemma?  Formal view: Author of Scripture -> words = inspired.

 

گSRլtgvG@CWҪܻyuzʡAbtgryA]uzOƥAuzOƥ]OrAOzAORD^C]v¨ӦۤHgC

Barth tries to hold together authority of Scripture and freedom from critical attacks.  The truth of the Word of God is not so much in the words, truth is an event, it happens.  Authority = human experience. 

tFbҡAèSVWҪܽᤩv¡C

Internal testimony does not, by the Holy Spirit, impart authority on Gods Word . 

ƹWRtFڭ̻{Rtgv¨Ӧ۸tgC

Rather, the internal testimony of the Holy Spirit allows us to recognize that the authority does reside in the Word.

 

iv.tFһPtg媺YC

Relation of the testimony of the Spirit to the canon of Scripture. 

kHiաA1559Aĥ|CFrench Confession of 1559, Article 4. 

tFDOtg@̡A͢ӦۤvNHjоɸtg ->з|tgNѡANOF夣Oa|ijMwC

The Holy Spirit who is the author of the Bible, is pleased to teach the Bible in power -> consciousness in Church functions as canon without conscious decision. 

 

b. tFһPD]֭Il^YC

The relation of the testimony of the Spirit to preaching (or gospel call).

tFҨäNDʡC

Testimony of the Holy Spirit does not supplant need to preach.

tFOADOOùDʤO]Oӷ^C

The Holy Spirits power is dynamic for Pauls ministry. 

     

e1:5 V6     

5]ڭ̪֭ǨĄ, WbGy, ]bGvMtF, åRH, pA̪Dڭ̦bĄ, A̪tGOˬHC  

6åBA̦bj, XFtFҽ窺߼, uD, NĪkڭ,]ĪkFD.

I Thess. 1:5-6

5 for our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction; just as you know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake.

6 You also became imitators of us and of the Lord, having received the word in much tribulation with the joy of the Holy Spirit,

 

c.tFһPoϽTڪYC

The relation of the testimony of the Spirit to Assurance of Faith.            

           

ù8:15-16                                                                  

15A̩ҨO, ®`. ҨDOl.]ڭ̩Is, .

16tFPڭ̪ߦPҧڭ̬OWҪk.

Rom. 8:15-16

15 For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, Abba! Father!

16 The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God.

-- oOtFbڭحҡ]PtFbWҪܻyتҦO^C

-- This is internal testimony (as distinct from the testimony within the Word).

tFPڭ̪F@ҡAiDڭ̧ڭ̳QWҦiAOWҪkC

The Holy Spirit bears witness with our Spirit concerning our sonship and adoption.     

ڭ̭nooϪTڡARzL]WҪܡAPt§^C

For assurance we look to Christ V through means of grace (Word and Sacraments).

tFή㰵uCThe Holy Spirit works with means of grace.

 

d.tFһPͪYC

The Relation of the Testimony of the Spirit to Regeneration.       
tFһPͤPC

Distinguish testimony of the Holy Spirit from regeneration.         

tFҬO[AӤbC

Testimony of the Holy Spirit V objective, internal.

ڭ̥ѸtF͡RͬOD[AbC

Regeneration by the Holy Spirit V subjective, internal.      

tFbҡRNOءAzʡ]ܧڭ̪^hC

Internal testimony of the Holy Spirit = simply the noetic aspect of regeneration (Warfield on Calvin). Response to Warfield: There is noetic aspect (Acts 16:14). 

                       

{16:14     

@ӽ浵⥬ԪH, Wsf, O⫰H, ӷqWҡCoťF, DN}ɦo, sodťOù.

Acts 16:14

A woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of purple fabrics, a worshiper of God, was listening; and the Lord opened her heart to respond to the things spoken by Paul.

-- oQAäOtFҪC        

-- But this does not exhaust internal testimony of the Holy Spirit.

--MAڭ̤໡tFtgҡAMtFbڭحҡC

-- Because otherwise we cannot speak of the testimony of Scripture AND the testimony of the Holy Spirit.

-- LҡAҡAҥܡRoǸtFu@AuO͢bڭحD[ܧڭ̡C

-- Confirmation, demonstration, revelation V it is more than subjective renewal. 

֭OWҪjAnϤHC

Gospel = power of God unto salvation.      
oOPWҪܦOALPWҪܦPuC

Power = distinct from the Word, but works with the Word. 

𤣯ҥܡRݦ𪺤HC

Flesh and blood cannot reveal V Natural man cannot receive.

@ҪDOtFRFHC

The Spirit testifies: Spiritual man receives.  

 

 

 

 

\ŪG

m±ӴSHiաnAĤ@CWestminster Confession of Faith, chapter 1.

W\ŪGwww.chinachristianbooks.org. ѡGyvHgΫHzCreeds and Confessions. 

 

Ųߥҵ{A1318qC