134 第三十四課                    成聖: 成聖的目標

Lecture 34                               SANCTIFICATION:  GOAL OF SANCTIFICATION

 

 

成聖的目標

Goal of Sanctification

 

  1. 成聖的樣式﹕上帝聖潔的本性。基督的樣式。

Pattern of sanctification.  Holiness of divine nature.  Image of Christ.

 

彼前116

因為經上記著說﹕你們要聖潔,因為我是聖潔的。

I Peter 1:16 

because it is written, “YOU SHALL BE HOLY, FOR I AM HOLY.”

 

192

你曉諭以色列全會眾說﹕你們要聖潔,因為我耶和華你們的上帝是聖潔的。

Leviticus 19:2

“Speak to all the congregation of the sons of Israel and say to them, 'You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.

 

207

所以你們要自潔成聖,因為我是耶和華你們的上帝。

Leviticus 20:7

‘You shall consecrate yourselves therefore and be holy, for I am the LORD your God.

 

 

548

所以你們要完全,像你們的天父完全一樣。

Matt. 5:48

“Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

 

-- 基督的聖潔。

-- Christ’s holiness.

 

829

因為祂預先所知道的人,就預先定下效法祂兒子的模樣,使祂兒子在許多弟兄中作長子。

Rom. 8:29

For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined {to become} conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren;

 

220

我已經與基督同釘十字架。現在活著的不再是我,乃是基督在我堶惇△菕C並且我如今在肉身活著,是因信上帝的兒子而活,祂是愛我,為我捨己。

Gal. 2:20

“I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the {life} which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me.

 

林前111

你們該效法我,像我效法基督一樣。

I Cor. 11:1

Be imitators of me, just as I also am of Christ.

 

-- 這不只是理想境界。

-- This pattern is not limiting concept, a horizon to approach.

-- 這是我們會達到的目標。

-- This is a goal we will achieve.

-- 我們以前在亞當堿O完全的。

-- Perfection was ours in Adam. 

-- 我們在歷史中有起點。
--
We have a beginning in history.

--若失去起點,就沒有終點,沒有盼望。

-- If you lost the beginning, you also lost the end: cf. theology of “hope.”

      -- 可是,我們有的是上帝救贖的事實。

-- There is redemptive reality which we DO have.

-- 伊甸園就有末世的盼望 / 意義。

-- Eden is shot through with eschatology. 

      -- 安息日,在墮落之前,就有末世的意義了(創造時的安息意味著救贖)。

-- Sabbath, pre-Fall, is eschatological (contemplates redemption). 

 

 

  1. 罪仍然住在信徒們犯罪的肉身堙C

Sin continues to indwell the believer throughout the life of the body.

  1. 反面的證據。Counter-evidence.

i.                 與罪一次的斷絕。

Once-for-all breach with sin (formal similarity with perfectionism). 

36

從肉身生的,就是肉身。從靈生的,就是靈。

John 3:6

“That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

                             

怎樣解釋﹕一個從靈生的人,還會犯罪呢?

No way to account for sin in man born of Spirit, if taken radically.

 

ii.               一系列的經文,說信徒是完全的。

Series of texts describe believers in terms of perfection.

514

惟獨長大成人的,才能吃乾糧,他們的心竅,習練得通達,就能分辨好歹了。

Hebrews 5:14

But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.

-- Teleion.

-- 長大﹕希臘文  teleion 的原意﹕完全。

 

林前26

然而在完全的人中,我們也講智慧。但不是這世上的智慧,也不是這世上有權有位將要敗亡之人的智慧。

I Cor. 2:6

Yet we do speak wisdom among those who are mature; a wisdom, however, not of this age nor of the rulers of this age, who are passing away;   

 

315

所以我們中間凡是完全人,總要存這樣的心。若在什麼事上,存別樣的心,上帝也必以此指示你們。

Phil. 3:15

Let us therefore, as many as are perfect, have this attitude; and if in anything you have a different attitude, God will reveal that also to you;

 

iii.              完全人﹕例證。

      Examples of perfect persons.

     

 

69     

挪亞的後代,記在下面。挪亞是個義人,在當時的世代是個完全人。挪亞與上帝同行。     

Gen. 6:9

These are {the records of} the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his time; Noah walked with God.

          

11  

烏斯地,有一個人名叫約伯。那人完全正直,敬畏上帝遠離惡事。     

Job 1:1

There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job; and that man was blameless, upright, fearing God and turning away from evil.

                       

1820-24

            20 耶和華按著我的公義報答我,按著我手中的清潔賞賜我。

21 因為我遵守了耶和華的道,未曾作惡離開我的上帝。

            22 祂的一切典章常在我面前。祂的律例我耶未曾丟棄。

            23 我在祂面前作了完全人。我也保守自己遠離我的罪孽。

            24 所以耶和華按我的公義,按我在祂眼前手中的清潔,償還我。

Psalm 18:20-24

20 The LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.

21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, And have not wickedly departed from my God.

22 For all His ordinances were before me, And I did not put away His statutes from me.

23 I was also blameless with Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity.

24 Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in His eyes.

                             

26     

1 耶和華阿,求你為我伸冤,因我向來行事純全,我又倚靠耶和華並不搖動。

2 耶和華阿,求你察看我,試驗我,熬煉我的肺腑心腸。

3 因為你的慈愛常在我眼前。我也按你的真理而行。

4 我沒有和虛謊人同坐。也不與瞞哄人的同群。

5 我恨惡惡人的會,必不與惡人同坐。

6 耶和華阿,我要洗手表明無辜,纔環繞你的祭壇。

7 我好發稱謝的聲音。也要述說你一切奇妙的作為。

8 耶和華阿,我喜愛你所住的殿,和你顯榮耀的居所。

9 不要把我的靈魂和罪人一同除掉。不要把我的性命和流人血的一同除掉。

10 他們的手中有奸惡,右手滿有賄賂。

11 至於我,卻要行事純全。求你救贖我,憐恤我。

12 我的腳站在平坦地方。在中會中我要稱頌耶和華。

Psalm 26

1 Vindicate me, O LORD, for I have walked in my integrity, And I have trusted in the LORD without wavering.

2 Examine me, O LORD, and try me; Test my mind and my heart.

3 For Your lovingkindness is before my eyes, And I have walked in Your truth.

4 I do not sit with deceitful men, Nor will I go with pretenders.

5 I hate the assembly of evildoers, And I will not sit with the wicked.

6 I shall wash my hands in innocence, And I will go about Your altar, O LORD,

7 That I may proclaim with the voice of thanksgiving And declare all Your wonders.

8 O LORD, I love the habitation of Your house And the place where Your glory dwells.

9 Do not take my soul away {along} with sinners, Nor my life with men of bloodshed,

10 In whose hands is a wicked scheme, And whose right hand is full of bribes.

11 But as for me, I shall walk in my integrity; Redeem me, and be gracious to me.

12 My foot stands on a level place; In the congregations I shall bless the LORD.

-- 詩人為自己的無罪爭辯。

Protestation of innocence

 

iv.              贖罪的有效性。Efficacy of atonement. 

耶穌不只是潔淨外表,更潔淨內心。罪是上帝不能容忍的矛盾。不可當罪是理所當然的! 不能輕鬆地對待罪;不可習慣容忍罪;不可滿足現況。

Jesus not only cleanses outside of the cup, but purifies heart.   Sin = anomaly.  Never to be taken fro granted, as normal, to get used to, to be content with. 

 

  1. 對這些反面證據的批判。

Refutation of counter-evidence.

 

-- 聖經好像描述挪亞,約伯是完全人(相對的完全)。

-- Relative perfection in Noah and Job.

-- 罪是事實,是真理,可是不是我們歡喜宣講的真理。

-- Sin as a truth not to be proclaimed gleefully: it is a sad truth.

      -- 賀治提出六種論據。

Hodge III:246ff. – arguments 1, 5, 6 = one single argument from experience.

-- 重要的支持來自聖經;加上人的經歷。

Mixed argument: main thesis drawn from Scripture, supplemented by experience.

-- 結論﹕我並不完全!

Conclusion: I am not perfect.

 

-- 當然,這事實(結論)並不證明人在今世不能成為完全人。

This argument doesn’t prove that no man can be perfect in this life. 

-- 賀治第二項論據﹕聖經清楚的宣告,聖經對人類普遍的描述。

Argument 2 appeals to express declaration and general representation of Scripture. 

 

約壹18

      我們若說自己無罪,便是自欺,真理不在我們心堣F。

I John 1:8

If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us.

      -- 賀治﹕動詞並不是過去式。

-- Hodge: verb is not in past tense.

-- 當然,雖然用現在式,也好不一定等於是作者現在的經歷。

-- Shepherd: Present verb = not necessarily present expeience of writer.

-- 一般性的現在式意義。

-- There is a general present.

      -- 過去式﹕參約壹110

Past tense does appear in I John 1:10

 

約壹110

我們若說自己沒有犯過罪,便是以上帝為說謊的,祂的道耶不在我們心堣F。

I John 1:10

If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us.

      -- 我們不從這節作論據。

-- Won’t press argument form this tense.

-- 整段經文的目的,不是說明﹕信徒是罪人;而是要說明﹕信徒以前是罪人,可是現在不再是罪人了。

-- General purpose of the passage is not to show that believers are sinners, but that believers WERE sinners, but are not sinners any more.

      -- 這樣說,沒有意思否定罪(否認我們還犯罪)。

-- This is not to deny sin.

-- 可是,罪(信主之前轄制我們的罪)已經被對付了。

-- But: Sin which characterizes our past lives have been dwelt with.

-- 可是我們若說自己不需要聖經說我們需要的(一位救主﹕基督),我們便當上帝是撒謊的。         

-- But if we say we don’t need what Scripture says we need (Christ as Savior), we make God a liar.

-- 約壹沒有否認信徒生活中有罪。

-- This doesn’t mean that I John denies there is sin in the believer.

 

約壹21

我小子們阿,我將這些話寫給你們,是要叫你們不犯罪。若有人犯罪,在父那塈畯怞酗@位中保,就是那義者耶穌基督。

I John 2:1

My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous;

--約翰壹書要強調的,是信徒與還在罪權勢下的人,兩者強烈的對照。

-- The focus of I John is antithesis of believers with those who are under the power of sin.

 

約壹34-5

4 凡犯罪的,就是違背律法。違背律法就是罪。

5 你們知道主曾顯現,是要除掉人的罪。在祂並沒有罪。

I John 3:4-5

4 Everyone who practices sin also practices lawlessness; and sin is lawlessness.

5 You know that He appeared in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin.

      -- 徹底的對照。罪﹕多麼不可思議的事!

-- Radical antithesis.  Sin = a moral impossibility. 

-- 不可思議的原因﹕我們已經是新人了。基督徒的堶情A並沒有人格分裂(基督徒不又是新人,又是舊人)。

Moral impossibility is in new man.  Not schizophrenia between new man and old

man.