013 ĤQT                        IlGMIlP֭Il

Lecture 13                   CALLING: UNIVERSAL CALL AND GOSPEL CALL



Ѥ֯ǮaA{ yūz o[CqIl_H

The ordo salutis is being challenged today.  Why begin with calling?



ݥҩwUHSlL̨ӡCҥlӪH, S٥L̬qCҺ٬qHS


Rom. 8:30

and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.


-- Calling is closely associated with predestination.



WұϤFڭ, Htllڭ, Oڭ̪欰, DO͢NMC

oOUj, bCq̽絹ڭ̪.

II Tim. 1:9

who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity.



ڭ̾oUƳۮĤO, sRWҪHoqB, NO͢NQlH.

Rom. 8:28

And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to {His} purpose.



A.               MIlUniversal Call (=Vocation) 

1.               WҴMIlAǵ۴MҥܡC

The universal call comes through general revelation.




Gen. 1:3

Then God said, Let there be light; and there was light.


ֽg 33:6            

ѤǭCMتRӳy, UH͢fӦC     

Psalm 33:6

By the word of the LORD the heavens were made, And by the breath of His mouth all their host.


ֽg 33:9           

, NCR, NߡC

Psalm 33:9

For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.



ѤѭzWҪaģ, ƻaǴ͢qC

Psalm 19:1

The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.


ֽg 19:8            


Psalm 19:8

The precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; The commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

--QyҥܤWҡALiӡC Unmistakable revelation in creation.

-- 19R1 zR NC Psalm 19:1 V declare V seper V Book.

-- QɫHiաRMҥܤ]OIlC Belgic Confession: General revelation = call.



۱qyѦaH, WҪïMʬOi, Oਣǵ۩ҳy, NiHo, sHLiӡC

Rom. 1:20

For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.

-- b۵MɪҥܡANOIlC Revelation in nature constitutes a call. 



oOXߪk\ΨbL̤߸, L̬ODߦP@ҡAåBL̪۸q, ΥHO, ΥHD.)

Rom. 2:15

in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them.

-- MҥܡAǤWҩҳy@AVHI~AnHtdC

-- General revelation confronts every man in all that God has made. 


2.               MҥܨSūʡC

The universal call is not redemptive. 


It confronts man as man, and as sinner.


Because man does not respond, he is guilty and is without excuse.


Universal negative response by man to general revelation = index of human depravity. 



B.               SIl]@^R֭IlSpecial Call (1): Gospel Call



ڭ̭O͢u@, bCq̳y, nsڭ̦浽ANOWҩҿݳƥs      


Eph. 2:10

For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them.


1.               ֭Il = M媺pC

The gospel call is the climax of common grace. 

MIlRW = гy

Universal call V God as creator

֭IlRW = ūD

Gospel call V God as redeemer


Gospel call = sometimes called universal call, because it is designed for all men.


But in the providence of God, it does not go to all men.


Gospel call = climax of common grace, because it introduces the special principle of call.


  1. ֭Iln]=^CWҪDAMt§C

Elements of gospel call (=means of grace): Word and Sacraments.

@ﭲv V ۫HWҪzAūH{ V iVC@ӤHǺ֭ܡHi઺C

Can a Calvinist (who believes in election)  preach the gospel to every man?  Yes. 


i.                 Ǻ̫֭ŧiWұϮpC

Announcement of the plan of salvation. 


The focus is on the person and work of Jesus Christ.


Including the whole counsel of God = none can be suppressed: including  

the doctrine of particular redemption.


Gospel is not description of how men are saved, or how I am saved.


Thats part of it.  (i.e., it is not in the first place in the Epistles.)


The gospels focus is in Jesus Christ, his death and resurrection.


The gospel comes out of the gospels!  


ii.               Wұū\CWҪ\èS絹HC

Promise of redemption.  Not a promise made to all men. 


The promise of God is not reduced to an offer.  God KEEPS his promise.



, HDCq, AMA@aoϡC

Acts 16:31

They said, Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.

-- ۫HHoϡC BELIEVERS will be saved.



tgⲳHbo, ϩ\()]HCq, kHH.

Gal. 3:22

But the Scripture has shut up everyone under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.

Revised Standard Version V What is promised to faith in Jesus Christ.  


iii.              ֭]AӫHhJAUjAMܽСC

Command, exhortation, invitation to believe.   Hodge, 645 ff. 



ZҭW᪺᭫H, iHڳǫ, ڴNϧA̱ow.

Matt. 11:28

Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest.

(1)ӨCqeCCome unto me.

(2)WҪ\RwCPromise: rest.

(3)nӡ]Uj^CCome (exhortation).



쨺ɭ, ZDiDW, No.                       

Acts 2:21


(1)   ŧiRֽgVCAnnouncement: psalms -> Christ

(2)   hJRCCommand: repent

(3)   \RtFCPromise: Holy Spirit


Calvinist text: name of the Lord presupposes people know something about it. 


iv.    ֭IlSxCDistinctives of the gospel call.

a.               ֭AOWҪAMLHC


The gospel proclamation is same for the elect and non-elect.

It sets forth Jesus Christ to sinners who need Him.  (=> hyper-Calvinism.)

b.               ֭ä]H̦O֭C

The gospel proclamation does not presuppose the ability of men to accept the gospel.  (=> prevenient grace V Roman Catholics.)  

c.                ֭äJAHL]౵֭^C

The gospel proclamation does not, of itself, overcome mens inability to believe.  (=> LutheranismAArminianism.) 

d.               ֭DOWҪjAnϤHC


The gospel is the power of God unto salvation. (=> all humanism.)   

Because it is of God, because it is about Christ, because it is the means used by the Holy Spirit to convert men and women.





mYۤWnFۡGSinclair Ferguson, The Christian Life: A Doctrinal IntroductionC